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New Reservation Policy for NEET 2024

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NEET 2024 Reservation Policy: NTA (National Test Agency) has defined the new reservation policy for medical seats at the state and national levels in its information bulletin. The seats are divided into the state quota and the All India Quota (AIQ). The reservation policy adheres to all the rules and regulations given by the government of India (GOI) for all the reserved classes including Schedule Caste (SC), Schedule Tribe (ST), Economically Backward Class (EWS), Person with Physical Disabilities (PwD) and Other Backward Classes (OBC).

In this article, we will learn the new reservation policy of NEET 2024 and how much reservation is given to each class according to the new reservation policy.

NEET 2024 Reservation Criteria 

NEET UG 2024 exam was conducted on May 5, 2024, and the result will be announced on June 14, 2024. The students who score more than the qualifying marks will be eligible for the NEET UG 2024 counselling. As per the new reservation policy, there will be a 15% All India Quota and 85% State Quota in all the government and private colleges. 

NEET Reservation Policy: All India Quota (15%)

NEET 2024 reservation criteria will be accessible to 27% OBC and 10% EWS categories. 15% of government MBBS/BDS college seats will be designated for the All India Quota (AIQ). Seats under the 15% AIQ scheme will be allocated using NEET-UG reservation criteria. Previously, the Supreme Court increased NEET reservation to 15% for SC and 7.5% for ST categories. The 27% OBC reservation in NEET was only applied in central universities. However, it did not cover AIQ seats at state MBBS and BDS colleges.

The Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) will conduct the counselling process representing the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC)for All India Quota (AIQ). However, colleges in Jammu and Kashmir do not fall under this category. Furthermore,  the seats will be reserved for the reserved category candidates under the All India Quota and the rest will be filled based on merit after the NEET 2024 result.

NEET Reservation for All India Quota for Reserved Categories

CategoryReservation Percentage
SC15
ST7.5
OBC27
EWS10
PwD5

NEET Reservation Policy: State Quota (85%)

The candidates under the state quota are eligible to seek admission to the medical colleges in their state. The candidate should have a domicile in the state to which he/she belongs to participate in the NEET 2024 counselling under the state quota. The respective state authority will conduct the counselling for admission to the 85% of seats in the medical colleges of their respective state. Students can participate in both counselling sessions. 

NEET Reservation Policy: EWS Candidates

The reservation for the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) was introduced in 2019 by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. Candidates in this category will get a 10% reservation in all the government MBBS, BDS, and other medical colleges. The candidate will not fall under this category if: 

  1. Family Annual Income: A family having an annual income of more than 8 LPA.
  2. Land Acquisition: a) Owning 5 acres of agricultural land or above.

                            b) Owning a flat measuring more than 100 sq. ft.

                            c) Owning a residential plot of 100 sq. yards or more in the notified municipality.

NEET Reservation Policy for Other Reserved Categories

To provide equal opportunity to all sections of society NTA has provided a reservation policy for the SC (15%), ST (7.5%), and OBC (27%) candidates. The policy describes that all the candidates falling under the reserved section according to the rule of GOI will be eligible to seek admission to the medical seat falling under the reservation. NTA has also reduced the application fees for the candidates falling under this category.

NEET Reservation Policy for Physically Disabled Candidates

The PwD candidates are eligible for a 5% reservation when they comply with certain eligibility criteria and NTA rules. The rules for the PwD candidates are as follows:

  1. Eligibility: The candidate should have a physical disability of 40% or more.
  2. Certificate: Candidate must possess a “certificate of disability” under the Right of Person Disability Rule 2017.
  3. Disability Degree: The degree of disability should meet the guidelines to assess the extent of specified disability following the Right of Person Disability Act, of 2016.
  4. Verification: The person seeking admission under the PwD Quota should get a medical check-up at the government hospital and get a certificate issued by the authority describing his physical disability.

All the candidates taking admission under the reservation category must have document proof of belonging to that category and are required to verify their documents at the time of counselling and admission process at the college. The candidate must abide by the rules and eligibility criteria for the reservation, if found non-eligible the candidate will not be allowed to sit for the counselling process.

Conclusion

NEET is one of the most important examinations in the educational journey of a medical aspirant. It is the only gateway to enter into the medical courses in India. Therefore, NEET exam preparation is paramount for medical aspirants. IIB Career Institute is one of the best NEET coaching centres in Maharashtra offering NEET classes for 11, 12 and repeater students in Akola, Chatrapati Sambhaji Nagar, Nanded, Latur, Kolhapur, and Pune (FC Road, Camp, and PCMC). The institute carries a legacy of 25 years of excellence in NEET coaching and has produced more than 20000 successful NEET candidates in the past years.

Frequently Asked Questions

Allocation of medical seats under which quota will be done first? State or All India?

Answer: The All India Quota counselling for the 15% seats in all the government and private colleges will be done first after the NEET 2024 result in the second week of June. State counselling will be conducted following the All India Counselling for the remaining 85% of seats.

What would happen to the remaining vacant seats under All India Quota?

Answer: If the seats under the All India Quota remain vacant in the first round the MCC will conduct the second or third round of counselling to allot the vacant seats to the next eligible candidate.

What are the reservation criteria for NEET 2024?

Answer: The reservation for the reserved category according to the NEET 2024 reservation policy is as follows: SC (15%), ST (7.5%), OBC (27%), EWS (10%) and PwD (5%).

How many seats increased in NEET 2024?

Answer: According to the latest data by NMC, there are about one lakh MBBS seats at 612 medical and 315 dental colleges, 26,949 BDS seats, 52,720 AYUSH seats, 603 BVSc and AH seats, 1,899 AIIMS seats, 249 JIPMER seats.

Can I change my category from OBC to general in NEET counselling?

Answer: The category you selected while filling out the NEET application form will be applied for the NEET counselling process. However, if you want to change your category during the counselling process you apply for a change of authority with the concerned authority.

Where can I get the Disability Certificate?

Answer: To get the PwD reservation candidate should get a thorough examination in a government hospital, college or district hospital. The authority will issue a disability certificate concerning Chapter VII under the Right of Person of Disability Rule, 2017.

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